Vrindavan, Mathura, India

Brij – Local History

“BRIJ” – The eternal abode of “Parakiya-Bhava ” – the mood of unwedded amorous love.

The original understanding of the word BRIJ is “Vrajati Gacchati iti Vrajah”- that moves around is BRIJ is “The land of enchanting beauty & sweetness”.

BRIJA particularly denotes the land of the supreme person “Brijendra nanadan- Shree Krishana’s pastimes.

Shree Krishna, is akhila-rasamtra-murthi, the embodiment of the nectar of the all primary & secondary spiritual tastes or “raise”. He performs his eternal pastimes “Raas-Leela” with RADHA, who is the embodiment of “Mahabhava” ( the essence of Shree KRISHNA’s pleasure potency), and his other associates in the BRIJ.

The Skanda Purana also presents a beautiful definition of the work BRIJ:


“gunantitam param brahma vyapakam vraja ucyate
sadanandam puram jyoti muktanam padavyayam”


“Parabrahaman, the supreme absolute truth, is beyond the three modes- Goodness, Passion & Ignorance – and because He pervades every single particle of the universe, he is called BRIJ. His places, the embodiment of eternity, knowledge & bliss , is supremely brilliant and indestructible. Residing here are the supreme connoisseur of ecstatic transcendental mellows who are liberated from material existence.”

Braj bhoomi, the land where Lord Krishna was born and spent his youth, is a famous temple place for Hindus. Braj Bhoomi is the name which covers all the places where Lord Krishna has spent his childhood and days of formative years.

The land of Braj starts from Kotban near Hodel about 95 km from Delhi and ends at Runakta which is known specially for its association with the great poet Surdas, an ardent Krishna devotee.

Braj can be divided into two distinct units –

The Eastern Part in the Trans-Yamuna zone with places like Gokul, Mahavan, Baldeo, Mat and Bajna.

The Western Side of the Yamuna covering Mathura region that takes in Vrindavan, Govardhan, Kusum Sarovar, Barsana and Nandgaon. The city Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh, is the heart of Braj.